From a China strategy to no strategy at all: Exploring the diversity of European approaches
Sweden’s approach to China has undergone a significant shift in the past five years. From being viewed as mostly providing opportunities, China is now seen as posing increasing challenges for Sweden. This more negative view of China is also reflected in perceptions among Swedes, who hold the second most negative view of China in the world. This chapter explains the reasons for these developments, describes how Sweden deals with China-related issues and identifies the next three big China-related challenges facing Sweden.
Controlling critical technology in an age of geoeconomics: actors, tools, and scenarios
The world is witnessing an escalating great power rivalry surrounding critical technologies – such as quantum computing, semiconductors, and artificial intelligence. This report analyses how critical technology is protected in the Transatlantic region and assesses the resulting effects. The focus is placed on the US and the EU, examining three key geoeconomic instruments: export controls, investment screening, and domestic subsidies, all aimed at securing their critical technological base.