Russia's non-military foreign policy instruments in its 'near abroad' in the Polish expert discourse
Research The article deals with Russia`s non-military foreign policy instruments in its ‘near abroad’, with a focus on the soft power policies, as seen by the Polish experts. Their view is of particular interest given Poland`s active part in the EU policies towards eastern neighbours, its historically embedded perception of a danger from the east and a trend of the Russian-Polish rapprochement in the recent years.
Gender and Transition in Libya - Mapping women’s participation in post-conflict reconstruction
Research More than three years after the end of the Gaddafi regime, Libya is struggling to end a vicious circle of violence in order to take steps towards reconciliation and durable peace. This paper analyses the ongoing transitional period in Libya from a gender perspective.
Commercial or Political Interests - Oil and Gas in the Russian Arctic
Research The Russian efforts of developing the natural resources in the Arctic region have intensified during the last years, and the leadership of the country is underlining the importance of speeding up the process of doing do. Putin has states that the current resources on land are depleting, and that a substitute needs to be found. But the Russian state companies Gazprom and Rosneft, the two companies who have been granted licenses to develop the Arctic shelf, are struggling against heavy bureaucracy and tight restrictions.
Keeping alive: Understanding North Korea’s supply lines and the potential role of sanctions
Research Against all the odds, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, North Korea) has survived two decades of acute crisis since the end of the Cold War. It has neither collapsed nor reformed itself, despite the dire state of its economy and the existence of extensive international sanctions.
Råvaruexport, institutioner och ekonomisk tillväxt i en ny tid
Forskning Tidigare studier har indikerat ett negativt samband mellan en stor andel export av råvaror i relation till BNP, framför allt i länder med institutioner som betraktas som ”dåliga”. Forskare har talat om en ”råvarornas förbannelse”, det vill säga att länder med stora mängder råvaror skulle vara dömda till lägre tillväxt. Andra har talat om en ”villkorad förbannelse”, det vill säga att förbannelsen bara skulle gälla i länder med bristfälliga institutioner.
The UN and Energy - An Institutional Gap or a Promise for the Future?
Research This paper addresses the United Nation’s role in global energy governance, aiming at giving an overview of how the UN has addressed energy issues over time, with a special emphasis on what the UN has governed in global energy governance.
Military Capabilities and the Evolution of the Transatlantic Security Community
Research Europe’s strategic context is increasingly defined by declining defense resources. At the end of the Cold War the United States accounted for 50 percent of NATO defense spending with Europe and Canada picking up the other half. Now, this ratio had changed with the US meeting 75 percent and future trends indicating the US making up four-fifth of NATO expenditure.
Civil Security and the European Union: A survey of European civil security systems and the role of the EU in building shared crisis management capacities
Research The security challenges that European states face – now and in the future – are daunting. Increased complexity of critical infrastructures, climate change, extraordinary technological innovation, international power shifts, cyber-attacks, energy shortages and environmental degradation create new and unforeseen challenges.