It's the economy, Pöhkö: The 2023 Finnish election in the shadow of accession to NATO
Research When Finns went to the polls in April 2023, their country was on the cusp of completing a momentous reorientation of its security policy. Yet Finland's impending accession to the NATO alliance played little part in the campaign. Nor, despite international media interest in the prime minister, Sanna Marin, did the campaign revolve primarily around her. Rather, the customary issues of public debt, tax and public issues were central.
From market integration to security integration: Taking the next steps for European defence-industrial cooperation
Research This policy paper discusses how the war in Ukraine has started to transform and strengthen the role of the European Commission in European Union security and defence policy, in particular in the defenceindustrial domain. It also outlines the longterm ambitions of the EU and the European Commission in this area. Finally, it sets out some new ideas on EU defence cooperation.
Why migration diplomacy matters for the 2023 Greek and Turkish elections
Research Migration diplomacy is the strategic use of migration flows to extract political and economic concessions. This policy brief examines the influence of migration diplomacy on national elections in Greece and Turkey in the light of the 2015–16 European migration crisis and the 2020 Greek-Turkish border crisis.
Consolidation of power in Japan: The LDP and Shinzo Abe
Research In recent memory, there have been few Japanese political figures with Abe’s level of recognition and influence. At the same time, few Japanese politicians have been as successful or as divisive as Abe. This brief assesses the post-war domestic political climate in Japan under the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to understand how the party claimed such a firm grip on power and created a system that set the stage for Abe’s political career and rise to worldwide recognition.
Prospects and limitations for a Quad Plus Europe
This brief discusses the Quad’s agenda and how its design is tailored to the Indo-Pacific. It argues that working with the Quad will entail individual, like-minded European and Indo-Pacific countries coordinating in ad hoc, flexible formats. Such arrangements should focus on niche issues where European countries and the EU have overlapping interests with Quad members, such as Indian Ocean and maritime security or ensuring cheap, high-quality, and reliable technologies to assist developing countries’ transition to renewable energy. It concludes with a set of policy recommendations on how to further this agenda.
2022 Climate year in review
Research This brief reflects on the past year of international climate cooperation and at what it could tell us about the future of climate diplomacy. In addition to the results of the authors’ own research this brief builds on a workshop that took place at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) in December 2022, organized with support from UI, titled: “After COP27, in what direction does climate cooperation go?”