Connecting the dots: Climate clubs and negative emissions
Climate clubs and negative emission technologies are two of the most notable ideas to emerge in recent years for enabling an effective response to climate change. However, they have hardly ever been connected in structured analysis. In this project, we fill this research gap by studying how climate clubs could organize work to forward negative emission technologies and spearhead the task of achieving net-negative emissions globally.
The Carbon Neutrality Coalition (CNC), a group of pioneering countries and cities, constitutes a possible candidate for this purpose.
Using CNC as an empirical entry point for exploring the prospective role of climate clubs in promoting negative emission technologies (NETs), we ask: 1) how CNC members embed negative emission technologies in plans to achieve carbon neutrality, 2) how they view enablers and constraints associated with pathways to net-zero and net-negative emissions at national scales, 3) how they foresee conditions for deeper international collaboration that could spur national action, and 4) what opportunities exist for turning CNC into a fully-fledged climate club capable of delivering net-zero emissions individually and as a group.
The project will thereby provide new insights on the potential to achieve net-negative emissions in an international relations perspective and stimulate a public debate on the roles of climate clubs and NETs in meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Project duration: 2020-2023.
Gunilla Reischl, UI (project leader)
Mathias Fridahl, Linköping University
Naghmeh Nasiritousi, Stockholm University
Indra Overland, NUPI