Could the G7 climate club work? Lessons learned from climate coalitions
Research The international climate negotiations are increasingly focusing on implementing the Paris Agreement and driving up ambition. At COP27 in Egypt a Mitigation Work Programme will be negotiated with the aim to close the emissions gap. At the same time, climate initiatives and coalitions have proliferated outside the UNFCCC in recent years. This year the G7 also decided to establish a climate club to accelerate climate action. This UI paper examines some lessons learned from climate coalitions and the implications of these for international climate cooperation in general, and the establishment of a climate club in particular.
Local Initiatives: Factors in and Lessons for Sustainable Development
Research This paper reviews scholarly literature on local initiatives for sustainable development, exploring how such initiatives succeed and become part of a wider societal transformation towards sustainability. Five factors are highlighted: capacity and learning; flexibility and profitability; solidarity and autonomy, support and access, and networks. Drawing on these factors the paper emphasizes the importance of understanding the linkages between local initiatives and the outside world; that knowledge and different types of knowledge matter; and, that a holistic approach to sustainable development is of importance.
A Fatigued State: Exploring the Fragilities of the Afghan State
Research This paper aims to study in what sense, and to what extent, Afghanistan is a fragile state. It sheds light on different areas of the Afghan state and broadens the concept of state fragility, highlighting that there are endless differences both between and within fragile states.
Algeria’s Hirak Movement: A Second National Liberation?
Research This UI paper explores Algeria’s protest movement Hirak, which shook the Algerian state to its core in 2019. Building on interviews with 12 individual experts, activists and journalists engaged with the movement, it studies the mobilization, actors, and trajectories of the Hirak. The author provides policy recommendations for European stakeholders.