Environmental colonialism in the Maghreb? Harnessing green energy on indigenous peoples’ land
Research The EU has been investing increasing amounts in North Africa’s renewable energy sector over the past decade in order to strengthen the union’s energy security and comply with climate agreement targets. To a large extent, this energy infrastructure has been developed in peripheral regions primarily inhabited by indigenous people. This policy brief looks at if, and how, the local population was consulted, compensated, and allowed to participate in the decision-making process surrounding the development of the solar energy complex Noor Ouarzazate.
Screening Foreign Direct Investment: As important as it is challenging
Research Globalization has long been deemed a panacea for ensuring peace and prosperity for all. Increased weaponization of economic relations in recent years has however incentivized states to gain control over inward investment. As a result, actors have expanded or established investment screening procedures in a constant balancing act between ensuring national security and safeguarding open investment. The United States and the European Union are leading in this regard, while Sweden is yet to establish such a mechanism.
Norway’s Foreign and Security Policy: A Challenging Mix of Realism and Idealism
Forskning This policy brief reviews what conflicts in its foreign policy roles Norway may face in a time of increasing security instability. The potential conflicts are discussed in relation to Norway’s NATO membership, integration in EU defence and security policies, Nordic cooperation, and security policy towards the High North.
Sweden’s Foreign and Security Policy in a Time of Flux
Forskning This policy brief looks at key Swedish foreign and security policy priorities in the Nordic, Europe and across the Atlantic, in a time of great instability and change. With the decision to apply for membership in NATO, Swedish security policy has undergone a complete reversal. At the same time, uncertainty remains regarding whether deeper engagement in the transatlantic, EU, and Nordic arenas can be unified into a single coherent Swedish foreign policy doctrine.
Denmark's Foreign and Security Policy: Perfecting the Balance Between an Atlantic, Nordic, and European Outlook
Forskning This policy brief reviews the ongoing shift in Denmark’s foreign and security policy in the light of the geopolitical turn in international politics. It places particular focus on Denmark’s role in NATO and in the Arctic region, as well as its relationship with the US, the EU and its Nordic neighbours.
Finland's Foreign and Security Policy: From Bridge-Building to the Core of the West
Forskning This UI Brief analyses central themes in Finnish foreign and security policy, playing out in the Arctic, Nordics, in Europe and across the Atlantic. The different themes are analysed against the background of the most serious security challenge since the end of WWII, following upon Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
In Vain Search for Accountability: The Crises of the Lebanese State
Research This UI brief explores the current crises in Lebanon - the financial meltdown, the Beirut port explosion and COVID-19 - through the lens of accountability. It examines where tensions are today, and the risks that are associated with the lack of accountability in the accounted crises, and stresses the importance of the international community to act in support of the Lebanese people.
Longtime Democrat, Future Leader: The Particular Logic of Japan's Values Discourse
Research This UI Brief analyses the values discourse emphasizing democracy, human rights, the rule of law and freedom used by the Japanese government. It finds that the discourse is constituted by language that portrays Japan as a long-time democrat, and a desired leader on the international stage.
Indian Perspectives on Human Rights and the Implications for Sweden and the EU
Research This UI Brief explores the Indian view on human rights from three perspectives; its ideological underpinnings, the relative weight given to human rights treaties and national legislation, and cooperation on human rights in multilateral institutions.