Economic Diversification and the Youth Population in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia: Double Dividend or Double Jeopardy?
Research Oil has shaped the social contract between the state and its citizens, how will the transition to a more diverse economy affect state-society relations? This UI Brief aim to explore the economic transitions of two monarchies facing urgent pressure to reform, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, in order to shed light on the main drivers of and obstacles to transition.
China, Europe and the New Power Competition over Technical Standards
Research This UI Brief explores how technical standardization is a source of economic, legal, political and discursive power in international relations, and summarizes China’s increasing standardization power. It includes a discussion of the implications for the EU, outlines various scenarios and makes policy recommendations for Europe.