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The global average temperature 1850-2018. Blue stripes represent temperatures below average (1971-2000) and red stripes warmer than average. Graphics: Prof. Ed Hawkins (University of Reading), https://showyourstripes.info/

The Climate Year 2020

On this page you will find material relating to climate change, energy and security.

Year 2020 is critical for the climate in numerous ways. The framework of rules to realise the Paris Agreement is to be put in place, in order to keep the global temperature rise below two degrees. The greenhouse gas emission curve needs to be reversed and new nationally determined contributions are to be presented.

Many of the important environment and climate conferences are now cancelled or postponed to limit the spread of the coronavirus COVID-19. One of the affected conferences is the big COP 26 which will take place next year.

On this page you will find analyses of the consequences of the pandemic on international climate politics, as well as other current climate issues.


Gunilla Reischl and Elin Jakobsson on the covid pandemic's effect on international climate politics (Swedish):

Elin Jakobsson on the connection between climate change and migration (Swedish):


corona climate article


Jakobsson, E. & Reischl, G. (2020). "Coronakrisen sätter käppar i hjulet för klimatarbetet". Article in Utrikesmagasinet (Swedish).


2020 was supposed to be the year of climate action. Then the corona crisis happened. Elin Jakobsson and Gunilla Reischl analyses the pandemic's effect on international climate politics.

Climate and Migration


Jakobsson, E. (2020)Climate Change and Migration: Policy Approaches for a Sustainable Future. European Liberal Forum/Fores.


How is climate change and migration connected? Elin Jakobsson presents an overview in a report for the think tank Fores.


Berglund, S. (2020). Reaching Climate Security - How Climate Change Moved up the Security Council Agenda. UI Paper no. 3, March 2020.


How is the most powerful UN organ handling climate change? That is what Sofie Berglund asks in her latest UI Paper.


Eriksson, J. & Reischl, G. (2019). Worlds apart, worlds together: converging and diverging frames in climate and energy governance. Globalizations, 16:1, 67-82.


This article by Gunilla Reischl and Johan Eriksson highlights a crucial yet overlooked explanation to the divide between energy and climate governance, namely how issues are framed, i.e. how problems are defined, how causes are diagnosed, what moral judgements are made, and what – if any – remedies are promoted.


Bremberg, N. (2018). European regional organizations and climate-related security risks: EU, OSCE and NATO. SIPRI No. 2018/1.


Under which circumstances do intergovernmental organisations address climate-related security threats effectively? Niklas Bremberg analyses three organisations with security mandate in this SIPRI Insights.




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